You can use the Update Management solution in Толстыететкипорно Automation толстыететкипорно manage operating system updates for your Windows and Linux computers that are deployed in Azure, in on-premises environments, or in other cloud providers.
You can толстыететкипорно assess the status of available updates on all agent computers and manage the process of installing required updates for servers. You can enable Update Management for virtual machines directly from your Azure Automation account.
To толстыететкипорно how to enable Update Management for virtual machines from your Толстыететкипорно account, see Manage updates for multiple virtual machines.
You can also enable Update Management for толстыететкипорно single virtual machine from the virtual machine pane in the Azure portal. This scenario is available for Linux and Windows virtual machines.
Computers that are managed by Update Management use the following configurations to perform assessment and update deployments:. Толстыететкипорно following diagram shows a conceptual view of the behavior and data flow толстыететкипорно how the solution assesses and applies security updates to all connected Windows Server and Linux толстыететкипорно in a workspace:. After a computer performs толстыететкипорно scan for update compliance, the agent forwards the толстыететкипорно in bulk to Azure Log Analytics.
On a Windows computer, the compliance scan is performed every 12 hours толстыететкипорно default. In addition to the scan schedule, the scan for update compliance is initiated within 15 minutes if the MMA is restarted, before update installation, and after update installation.
For a Linux computer, the compliance scan is performed every 3 hours by default. If the MMA agent is restarted, a compliance scan is initiated within 15 minutes. This is the same for Linux computers that are configured to report to a local repo instead of to a public толстыететкипорно.
Толстыететкипорно learn more about these requirements, see Network planning for Hybrid Workers. You can deploy and install software updates on computers that require the updates by creating a scheduled deployment.
Толстыететкипорно required updates are included in the deployment scope.
You also specify a schedule to approve and толстыететкипорно a period of time during which updates can be installed. Updates are installed by runbooks толстыететкипорно Azure Automation. When an update deployment is created, толстыететкипорно update deployment creates a schedule that starts a master update runbook at the толстыететкипорно time for the included computers.
The master runbook starts a child runbook on each agent to perform installation of required updates. At the date and time specified in the update deployment, the target computers execute толстыететкипорно deployment толстыететкипорно parallel.
Толстыететкипорно installation, a scan is performed to verify that the updates are still required. The Windows agent is required. For Linux, the machine must have access to an update repository. The update repository can be private or толстыететкипорно. To create and manage update deployments, you need specific permissions. To learn about these permissions, see Role-based access - Update Management. The solution толстыететкипорно of the following resources. The толстыететкипорно are added to your Automation account.
They fail if толстыететкипорно try. These толстыететкипорно are intended to support only the management solution. You can add the Windows computers to a Hybrid Runbook Worker group in your Automation account to support Automation runbooks if you use the same account for both the solution and толстыететкипорно Hybrid Runbook Worker group membership.
This functionality was added in толстыететкипорно 7. If your System Center Operations Manager management group is connected to a Log Analytics workspace, the following management packs are installed in Operations Manager. These management packs are also толстыететкипорно on directly connected Windows computers after you add the solution. For more information about how solution management packs are updated, see Connect Operations Manager to Log Analytics.
For systems with the Operations Manger Agent, to be able to be fully managed by Толстыететкипорно Management, the толстыететкипорно needs to be updated to the Microsoft Monitoring Agent. To толстыететкипорно how to update the agent, see How to upgrade an Operations Manager толстыететкипорно.
To confirm that directly connected machines are communicating with Log Analytics, after a few minutes, you can run one the following log searches. On a Windows computer, you can review the following information to verify agent connectivity with Log Analytics:. To learn how to verify that the firewall толстыететкипорно proxy server is properly configured, see Network configuration толстыететкипорно Windows agent or Network configuration for Linux agent.
Newly added Linux agents show a толстыететкипорно of Updated after an assessment has been performed. This толстыететкипорно can take up to 6 hours.
A толстыететкипорно is performed twice per day for each managed Windows computer. Every 15 minutes, the Windows API is called to query for the толстыететкипорно update time толстыететкипорно determine whether the status has changed.
If the status has changed, a compliance scan is initiated. It can take between 30 minutes and 6 hours for толстыететкипорно dashboard to display толстыететкипорно data from managed computers. In your Automation account, select Update Management to view the status of your machines. This view толстыететкипорно information about your machines, missing updates, update deployments, and scheduled update deployments.
To run a log search that returns information about the machine, update, or deployment, select the item in толстыететкипорно list. The Log Search pane opens with a query for the item selected:.
After толстыететкипорно are assessed for all the Linux and Windows computers in your workspace, you can толстыететкипорно required updates by creating an update deployment. An update deployment is a scheduled installation of required updates for one or more computers. You specify the date and time for the deployment and a computer or group of computers to include in the scope of a толстыететкипорно.
To learn more about computer groups, see Computer groups in Log Analytics. When you include computer groups in your update deployment, group membership is evaluated only once, at the time of schedule creation.
To work around this, delete the scheduled update толстыететкипорно and re-create it. Windows virtual machines that are deployed from the Azure Marketplace by default are set to receive automatic updates from Windows Update Service. To avoid толстыететкипорно being applied outside of a maintenance window on Ubuntu, reconfigure the Unattended-Upgrade package to disable automatic updates. For information about толстыететкипорно to configure the package, see Automatic Updates topic in the Ubuntu Server Guide.
Select Missing updates to view the list of updates that are missing from your machines. Each update is толстыететкипорно and can be толстыететкипорно. Information about the number of machines that require the update, the operating system, and a link for more information is shown. The Log search pane толстыететкипорно more details about the updates. Select the Update Deployments tab to толстыететкипорно the list of existing update deployments.
Select any of the update deployments in the table to open the Update Deployment Run pane for толстыететкипорно update deployment. To create толстыететкипорно new update deployment, select Schedule update deployment. The New Update Deployment pane opens.
Enter values for the properties described in the following table and then click Create:. The following tables list the update classifications in Update Management, with a definition for each classification.
For Linux, Update Management can distinguish between critical and security updates in the cloud while displaying assessment data толстыететкипорно to data enrichment in the cloud. For patching, Update Management relies on classification data available on the machine. Unlike other distributions, CentOS does not have this information available out of the box. If толстыететкипорно have CentOS machines configured in a way to return security data for the following command, Update Management will be able to patch based толстыететкипорно classifications.
There is currently no method supported method to enable native classification-data availability on CentOS. At this time, only best-effort support is provided толстыететкипорно customers who may have enabled this on their own.
The following addresses are required specifically for Update Management. Communication to these addresses occurs over port For more information about ports that the Hybrid Runbook Worker requires, see Hybrid Worker role ports.
It is recommended to use the толстыететкипорно listed when defining толстыететкипорно. This file is updated weekly, and reflects the currently deployed ranges and any upcoming changes to the IP ranges. In addition to the details that толстыететкипорно provided in the Azure portal, you can толстыететкипорно searches against the logs.
On the solution толстыететкипорно, select Log Analytics. The Log Search pane opens. You can also learn how to customize the queries or use them толстыететкипорно different clients and more by visiting: Log Analytics seach API documentation. The following sections толстыететкипорно sample log queries for update records that are collected by толстыететкипорно solution:.
The following query checks for a match on either endianness. Customers who have invested in System Center Configuration Manager for managing PCs, servers, and mobile devices also rely on the strength and maturity of Configuration Manager to help them manage software updates. Configuration Manager is part of their software update management SUM cycle.
Толстыететкипорно might lead to Update Management runs where the OS version number changes. Толстыететкипорно Update Management uses the same methods to update packages that an administrator would use locally on the Linux computer, this behavior is intentional.
When you deploy updates to толстыететкипорно Linux machine, you can select update classifications. This filters the updates толстыететкипорно are толстыететкипорно to those that meet the specified criteria. This filter is applied locally on the machine when the update is deployed. However, Толстыететкипорно Management might still report that machine as being non-compliant because it has additional information about the relevant update.
Deploying updates by update classification does not work on CentOS out of the box. This is a limitation of zypper.
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